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After World War II: Dismantling the Imperial System
At the end of World War II, many parts of the globe remained the colonial possessions of several European powers, mainly Great Britain and France, as well as the United States. Movements towards independence sprang up in India, Southeast Asia and many parts of Africa. This phenomenon has been called the decolonization movement. It has been marked by bitter conflict (ethnic, religious, nationalistic), population dislocations, proxy fights among Cold War adversaries, indigenous political terrorism and economic predation. This lecture will focus primarily on decolonization in the African states and how their effects linger today.